GLAM/Newsletter/May 2022/Contents/Brazil report
Wiki Loves Espírito Santo is a success
As we announced in the last Newsletter, in 2022, Wiki Movement Brasil (WMB) accepted the challenge of reducing the information gap about the Brazilian State of Espírito Santo (ES). The state has 78 municipalities, only 32 of them have images on Wikidata and 15 have images on Wikimedia Commons, affecting their representation on the Internet. The contest Wiki Loves Espírito Santo (WLES) has a partnership with the Secretary of State for Culture. The opening event of WLES was transmitted on April 13th and the list of articles defined for the contest is divided into five thematic axes: biographies and diversity, Fauna and Flora, cultural heritage, festivities and religiosity, and territories and natural landscapes.
The state of Espírito Santo is located in the Southeast region, bordering the most populous Brazilian states. Espírito Santo stands out for its very favorable economic indexes in recent decades (such as its capital, Vitória, the 2nd Brazilian capital in Human Development Index), mainly in the fields of agriculture, forestry and mining, and for its good infrastructure of roads and urban services. Nevertheless, it is still the southeastern state with the lowest visibility in Wikimedia projects.
The cultural and historical features of Espírito Santo definitively mark the local identity but they are often confused with those of neighboring states, such as Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and Bahia.
Only nine historical buildings are listed by IPHAN (federal level). However, there are almost 700 archaeological sites listed in the state and the intangible assets are very expressive, such as the Ofício das Paneleiras de Goiabeiras (Trade of the Pan Artisans of Goiabeiras city), the first intangible heritage listed by IPHAN (Federal Law No. 3,351, of August 4th, 2000). Other intangible assets are Roda de Capoeira and Ofício dos Mestres de Capoeira and cultural groups of Congo, Jongo and Caxambu. At state level there are 179 listed assets by the Secretary of Espírito Santo State for Culture (SeCult) distributed in more than half of the municipalities (48).
More than 4 millions bytes were edited for WLES so far. In the last week, almost 1 million bytes were added. Wiki Community also edited 80 articles and created more than 50 fresh new ones. The environmental issue "Fauna and Flora" is still the apple of editors' eyes, but many contributions were also made about Cultural Heritage (50 Wikipedia entries were added and almost 100 were improved). And the community still have until July 12th to contribute to this Wikicontest.
GLAM Fábrica de Pios
Fábrica de Pios is a Brazilian company founded in 1903 in the city of Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Espírito Santo, by Maurílio Coelho. He learned how to handcraft the “pios” (whistles) with indigenous people called Purís, who lived in that region. This is the only factory in Latin America specialized in the manufacture of “pios”: blowing instruments that imitate the sounds of birds and other animals. Previously used for hunting, today they are used by bird watchers, and fulfill the function of preserving the history and culture of this city.
Some of the animals imitates by pios are
- Black-fronted Piping-Guan (Aburria jacutinga),
- Blue-throated Piping-Guan (Aburria cumanensis),
- Chestnut-bellied Guan (Penelope ochrogaster),
- Common Potoo (Nyctibius griseus),
- Cricket (Gryllus assimilis),
- Gray-fronted Dove (Leptotila rufaxilla),
- Gray Tinamou (Tinamus tao),
- Little Tinamou (Crypturellus soui),
- Muscovy Duck (Cairina moschata),
- Northern Pintail (Anas acuta),
- Picazuro Pigeon (Patagioenas picazuro),
- Rosy-billed Pochard (Netta peposaca),
- Rusty-margined Guan (Penelope superciliaris),
- Small-billed Tinamou (Crypturellus parvirostris),
- Spot-winged Wood-Quail (Odontophorus capueira),
- Tataupa Tinamou (Crypturellus tataupa),
- Undulated Tinamou (Crypturellus undulatus),
- White-throated Tinamou (Tinamus guttatus),
- White-tipped Dove (Leptotila verreauxi),
- Yellow-billed Pintail (Anas georgica), and
- Yellow-legged Tinamou (Crypturellus noctivagus).
Other news from Brazilian GLAM
NEW GLAM: LabAm (Laboratório do Ambiente or Environment Lab) is a research group at the Federal University of Goiás. This WikiProject begins with a set of photos taken by LabAmers in 2016, that documented the Historic Centre of the Town of Goiás. Despite its nomination by UNESCO to the World Heritage List, this set of buildings is not well-represented in Wiki.
Musica Brasilis have uploaded more than 200 music sheets from two other Brazilian composers: Ernesto Nazareth and D. Pedro I (the first Brazilian Emperor). And for the celebration of the month of "slavery abolition", we have uploaded the song "Gaúcho" from Chiquinha Gonzaga, who had fought for liberty in our country.
The first batch by FILE generated the most beautiful GLAM page you will see today!
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